The Jews known as Sephardim were a community that inhabited Crown of Castile and Crown of Aragon, but were expelled in 1492 by the Kings Catholics. However, the Jews represent one of the oldest ethnic groups on earth with more than 2,500 years.
The vast majority of Jews who were expelled from Spain took refuge in Portugal and although those who stayed in Spanish territory converted to Christianity, they only did so in words. From that moment, these communities were referred to as Sephardic or Sephardic.
Sephardim could apply for citizenship
On December 18, 2012, the government Spanish published for the first time the official list of surnames of Jews Iberian. The list caused controversy because after 500 years, Jews were recognized again. What is most striking is that people who have these surnames will be able to apply for Spanish citizenship.
Sephardim who prove they belong to one of these communities could adopt citizenship. According to a census conducted by the church Catholic of Spain indicates that there are more than five thousand surnames israelites. These surnames were extracted from the lists written by the Holy Job of the Holy Inquisition.
Most common surnames
The list released by the government Spanish points out that there are 5,220 Sephardic surnames, some with greater popularity than others, but all belong to the same community. Below are the most common surnames:
Abraham, Acevedo, Acosta, Aguado, Aguiar, Aguilar, Alarcón, Alba, Aldana, Alcalá, Alegre, Alfonso, Alfaro, Almeida, Alonso, Álvarez, Friend, Amado, Amaya, Aranda.
Baltasar, Báez, Barral, Barrios, Beato, Benavente, Benítez, Bernal, Bravo, Bueno, Bermejo.
Cabrera, Calvo, Camacho, Campo, Cantos, Carrasco, Carrillo, Carvajal, Castellanos.
Delgado, Diego, Díez, Díaz, Duque, Domínguez, Durán, Dorado, Duarte.
Enrique, Enríquez, Espejo, Esperanza, Espinosa, Escudero, Esteban.
Fajardo, Fernández, Ferrer, Ferrero, Figueroa, Flores, Fuentes, Fuertes.
Gálvez, García, Gato, Garzón, Gil, Gimeno, Giménez, Gómez, Granado, González, Gutiérrez.
Haro, Henríquez, Hernández, Heredia, Holgado, Herrera, Huerta, Hurtado
Ibáñez, Israel, Left.
Jaén, Jiménez, Jimeno, Jorge, Juárez, Julián.
Lázaro, Leal, Lara, Larios, Leiva, León, Lima, Linares, Lobato, Lobo, López, Lorca, Lorenzo.
Madrid, Madrigal, Macías, Machado, Manuel, Márquez, Marchena, Marcos, Martínez, Marín.
Nájera, Navarro, Navas, Nieto, Núñez.
Ocampo, Ochoa, Olivos, Olmos, Oliva, Ordóñez, Olivares, Orellana, Ortega, Ortiz.
Pacheco, Padilla, Palma, Palomino, Pardo, Paredes, Couple, Vine, Paz, Pascual, Pedraza, Pena, Pérez.
Ramírez, Ramos, Real, Rey, Reina, Ribera, Ricardo, Rivero, Robles, Roca, Rivas, Rodríguez, Ruiz.
Salgado, Salinas, Salas, Salazar, Salcedo, Salvador, Sánchez, Sancho, Serra, Serrano, Sierra, Silva.
Talavera, Toledo, Torre, Torres, Wheat.
Úbeda, Uría, Urrutia.
Valero, Valle, Vara, Varela, Vargas, Vázquez, Vega, Velázquez, Vera, Vergara, Villanueva, Vidal.
Zalazar, Zaragoza, Zúñiga.
The purpose of publicizing this list is for people to search for their Sephardic ancestry. Builds come from Harry Stein, Jeff Malka, OrthoHelp.com. Another source points to B. Nahman, who collected information on the families of the Kingdom of Toledo who left Spain.
It should be clarified that having a Sephardic surname is not a guarantee of having blood bean. Some surnames were taken by Jews who converted and remained in Spain. In case of being Sephardic, you can apply for nationality on the exterior.gob page.
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