Part-time work only affects 13.7% of Spaniards

The new installment of Adecco Monitor of Opportunities and Job Satisfaction which, every six months, the Adecco Group Institute analyzes and deepens the degree of satisfaction of Spanish workers, as well as job opportunities in the labor market, is here. In this edition they have focused a lot on the implementation of the part-time shift in Spanish companies, something that is not very widespread.

To prepare the report, five fundamental areas in the work environment of people are taken into consideration, such as remuneration, job security, employment opportunities and professional development, reconciliation between personal and professional life and labor conflict. In total, they are analyzed 16 different subvariables. In this first biannual installment of the Monitor, we focus on the sections on conciliation and employment opportunities.

Adecco Monitor: Global Analysis

The global score of the Adecco Monitor accumulates five consecutive quarters with year-on-year falls, something that had not happened since 2010. In the second quarter of 2022, it reached 5.9 points, which represents a year-on-year decline of 2%. However, if in the two previous quarters all the autonomous regions had seen their respective scores decline, in the second quarter of 2022 there are five regions where the indicator has improved. The Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and Aragón show the greatest increases, while Cantabria, La Rioja and Navarra show the opposite situation.

For the ninth consecutive quarter, the Madrid’s community occupies the first place. Just like a year ago, Catalonia occupies second place. Aragón is in third position (compared to the fifth place it occupied in the second quarter of 2021).

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In the lower positions there is little change. Having achieved the greatest increase was not enough for the Canary Islands to leave last place, escorted once again by Castilla-La Mancha. Third from the bottom is Cantabria, which loses nine steps compared to the second quarter of 2021.

Reconciliation: less part-time and more busy who study and work

The penetration of part-time work is at full recoil. In the last twelve months 17,100 part-time jobs have been lost, but at the same time 813,400 full-time jobs have been created. Thus, the four quarter moving average of the proportion of part-time employed in the total number of employed has fallen five tenths, up to 13.7%. It is the lowest figure in 10 years.

The number of part-time employees has decreased in ten autonomous regions, while full-time employment has increased in 16 regions.

The greatest decreases in the group of part-time employees occurred in Asturias (-11.9% year-on-year), Cantabria (-11.4%) and Navarra (-6.6%). Even in this context, there are cases of significant increases in part-time employment, such as those in La Rioja (+24.9%) and the Basque Country (+7.9%).

Precisely this increase has allowed the Basque Country to position itself as the autonomous region with the highest proportion of part-time employees (15.9%; +0.4 pp). Together with the Valencian Community (15.2%, with an interannual decrease of nine tenths) and Navarra (15.1%; without changes compared to a year ago), they are the only three regions with more than 15% of their employed working part time.

In the opposite situation, there are three autonomous regions with less than 12% of part-time employees: Balearic Islands (10.9%; -2 pp), Cantabria (11.7%; -2 pp) and Canarias (11.9% ; -0.5pp).

The proportion of employed persons studying (whether regulated or not) has increased in each of the last eight quarters. Thus, has grown to 16.6%, which is 2.2 percentage points more than a year ago. What is even more important is that it is the highest proportion recorded by the statistics. Throughout Spain, there are 3.67 million people who combine their work with a study.

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