The exact number of people who telecommute in Spain is currently 2.74 million, which means 4% less than that of a year before. The proportion of teleworkers in the total number of employed persons has decreased by one tenth in the year-on-year comparison, to 14.4%. In other words, currently 14.4% of employed Spaniards work, at least occasionally, from home. It is the lowest figure in the last five quarters.
This is what emerges from the Adecco Monitor of Opportunities and Satisfaction in Employment, presented by the Adecco Group Institute, the Adecco Group’s study and dissemination center, which, every six months for the last ten years, has delved into the degree of satisfaction of Spanish workers , as well as in job opportunities in the labor market.
To prepare the report, five fundamental areas in the work environment of people are taken into consideration, such as remuneration, job security, employment opportunities and professional development, reconciliation between personal and professional life and labor conflict. In total, 16 different subvariables are analyzed1. In this second biannual installment of the Monitor we focus on the sections on conciliation and conflict.
Eleven autonomous communities show an interannual reduction of the number of teleworkers. Asturias (-21.2% year-on-year), the Balearic Islands (-19.4%) and Cantabria (-18.6%) show the most pronounced cuts. However, there are also examples of significant increases in the number of people working at least occasionally from home: the Basque Country (+25.9%) and the Valencian Community (+24.7%).
The Madrid’s community remains as the autonomy with the highest proportion of teleworkers (24.3% of its employed; +2 pp), followed by Catalonia (17%; -0.2 pp). In fact, 46% of all people who telecommute in Spain live in these two communities.
61,000 fewer part-time jobs
In the last twelve months, 61,100 part-time jobs have been lost. At the same time, they have created 901,700 full-time positions. Thus, the penetration of part-time work among the Spanish employed is practically at the level of June 2012: 13.9%, after falling two tenths year-on-year.
The number of part-time employees has decreased in seven autonomous regions, while full-time employment has increased in all regions. The greatest decreases in the group of part-time employees were those of the Balearic Islands (-18.2% year-on-year), Catalonia (-10.9%) and Asturias (-10.3%).
The number of strikes has increased to a greater extent than the participation in them, which suggests that, on average, the size of each conflict has been reduced. The national average stands at 11.2 conflicts per 100,000 companies, which is 18.6% more year-on-year. The number of conflicts has increased by 16 autonomies. The largest increase corresponds to La Rioja, which has gone from having no strike to now having 12 every 100,000 signatures.
In the words of Javier Blasco, director of the Adecco Group Institute: “There is undoubtedly a correlation between the greater penetration of teleworking and those territories with a strong presence of organizations in the office sector, technology and headquarters of large companies and multinationals, compared to other autonomous communities with greater representation of sectors with fewer job opportunities in remote such as industrial, agriculture, or hospitality, among others”.
“It is also important to point out that there has been less consolidation of teleworking in public administrations compared to what happened in private companies, a scenario that seems to be consolidating after the entry into force of the decree that regulates remote work for civil servants has been frozen”Blasco concludes.
The decline in recent quarters should not make us lose sight of the fact that teleworking is much more developed now than it was a short time ago. The 14.4% of teleworkers that there are now in the whole of Spain, although it represents a setback in relation to the 16.2% that was reached in the first quarter of 2021, far exceeds, for example, the 8.3% that had at the end of 2019 and the 6.4% recorded at the end of 2016.
In the same vein, at the end of 2019 there were only two autonomous regions with more than 10% of teleworkers: Asturias and the Balearic Islands, both with 10.9%. Today, despite the decline in recent quarters, there are eleven communities that exceed that mark.