The European Parliament approves the Data Bill

He European Parliament has approved this week the text of the Data Billa text that, when it finally becomes law, will have the purpose of promoting innovation, through the removal of obstacles that consumers and businesses have to access the data. The text has been approved by 500 votes in favor and 23 against, and 110 abstentions. It will now enter a phase in which the Members of the European Parliament will begin negotiations with the European Council for the final draft of the law.

The bill will contribute, as expected, to the development of new services. Specifically, in the field of Artificial Intelligence, where huge amounts of data are needed to train algorithms. It can also lead to better prices for after-sales services, and to optimize the repair of connected devices.

The Data Law will establish common rules that regulate the sharing of data generated by the use of connected products and equipment, or by services related to them. Like the Internet of Things, or industrial machines. These rules are intended to offer justice and equity in the contracts for the sharing of such data.

For this, the members of the European Parliament are going to adopt measures that allow users access to the data that they themselves generate, since according to the European Commission, 80% of the industrial data that is collected is never used. With the text they also want to ensure that the contractual agreements that companies reach with respect to this data occupy a prominent place in business relations between companies.

Companies will be able to decide what data can be shared, and the manufacturer could, of course, choose that, by default, some data is not available. When companies draw up their data sharing contracts, the law will balance the bargaining power in favor of SMEs, protecting them from unfair contractual terms imposed by companies in a stronger bargaining position.

The text also defines how public bodies can access and use the data held by the private sector, when there are exceptional circumstances and emergencies that make their use necessary. For example, in fires or floods.

Members of the European Parliament have also strengthened measures to protect trade secrets, and have taken steps to prevent situations where increased access to data is used by competitors to reverse engineer products or services. They have also drafted stricter conditions for companies requesting data from governments.

Another of the effects that this law is expected to have is that the switching between cloud service providers, and other data processing services, is easier. In addition, the foundations have been laid to implement barrier measures to prevent the illegal international transfer of data by cloud service providers.

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