The Adecco Group Institute has analyzed the average degree of worker satisfaction from each of the regions of Spain. In this context, it has recently presented the Adecco Monitor of Opportunities and Job Satisfaction to deepen the subject, as well as job opportunities in the labor market.
To carry out the report, five fundamental areas are taken into consideration in people’s work environment, such as remuneration, job security, employment opportunities and professional development, the reconciliation between personal and professional life, and labor conflict. . In total, 16 different subvariables are analyzed.
The main conclusions that affect these sections speak of a reduction of the Spanish business park (-1.5% year-on-year) and an increase both in the number of people who do not work all the hours that they would like to do so (+ 28.8%) and in labor unrest.
In the words of Javier Blasco, director of the Adecco Group Institute: “To recover our business fabric and the levels of employment prior to the coronavirus crisis, it is necessary to promote constructive social dialogue, create a less rigid regulatory framework that attracts investment and entrepreneurship, and generates legal security, betting on active employment policies and public-private collaboration to promote the creation of quality employment ».
Professional development opportunities are directly linked, among other variables, with the number of companies in each region. To better estimate what degree of opportunities a certain number of companies offers the population, the Adecco Monitor includes among its variables how many firms there are per thousand inhabitants in each autonomy.
The number of companies per thousand people has decreased in Spain for the sixth consecutive quarter. Now there is 28.3 signatures per thousand inhabitants, a figure that entails a decrease of 1.5% compared to those that existed a year ago and that is similar to that registered in December 2015.
The business park has been reduced in all the autonomous regions, except in Castilla-La Mancha. In the autonomy of La Mancha, a slight increase of 0.3% has made it possible to interrupt a series of five consecutive quarters of falls. The Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands presented the largest decreases, 4.5% and 5.6% year-on-year, respectively.
However, the relative situation of each archipelago is very different: while the Canarian autonomy is the one with the fewest companies in relation to its population (25.5 firms per thousand people), the Balearic community, with 31.5 companies per thousand of inhabitants, it is the second autonomous region with the largest business park, despite its marked decline.
Although the reduction of the business park has been generalized since the beginning of the pandemic, there are autonomous communities that have been reducing their number of companies in relation to their population for a longer time. The most marked case is that of Catalonia, where there are already 12 consecutive quarters in which its business park decreased (-2% year-on-year in the quarter analyzed).
In the Balearic Islands, there are 10 quarters with a reduction in the number of companies, while in the Canary Islands and the Basque Country, there are nine quarters in a row with setbacks in the business park. The Rioja (33.3 companies per thousand inhabitants; -1.7%) remains the autonomous region with the largest business park. They are followed by the Balearic Islands (with the data already referred to), Aragón (30.6; year-on-year decrease of 1.6%) and Extremadura (30.2; the same as a year ago).
Catalonia, which three years ago was the fourth region with the highest proportion of companies, is now the sixth, with 29.4 firms per thousand inhabitants. It has been surpassed by Galicia (29.8 companies per thousand people) and Extremadura (30.2 companies per thousand people, as already indicated).
The Canary Islands, which three years ago was the fourth community with the lowest number of companies (ahead of Asturias, Navarra and the Basque Country), now becomes the region with the smallest business park. Asturias has 26.9 companies per thousand people (-0.8%), Navarra 26.6 (-1.5%) and the Basque Country 26.4 (-1.3%).