The climate change will exacerbate geopolitical risks for the world in general, but for developing countries in particular, including Central America, indicated an evaluation of the National Intelligence Council (NCI) U.S.
The physical effects of climate change They will “exacerbate” cross-border conflicts, when States take measures to ensure their interests, the document warns.
The report considers that there are 11 countries -among them Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua– particularly exposed to warmer temperatures, more extreme climatic conditions and alterations in oceanic patterns that will threaten their energy, food, water and health security.
The list also includes, Colombia and Haiti, in the Western Hemisphere, as well as Afghanistan, Burma, North Korea, India, Iraq, Pakistan.
“The effects of the climate crisis will be felt most acutely in developing countries, which will depend on humanitarian assistance and foreign investment to strengthen their resilience,” according to the report.
From an American security point of view, the climate change signified by drought, rising sea levels and melting polar ice caps threaten military assets and opens up new fronts in the competition of powers that defines the 21st century.
In fact, he warned, these phenomena transform the geopolitical map at the same time as the rise of China and of the Russia “revenge” and test the limits of the power of EU.
He specified that “for the fifth consecutive year, prolonged droughts and excessive rains have devastated corn and bean crops in the dry corridor of Central America.
The yields of these and other crops in Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua decrease significantly due to climate change, according to a study by the UN, increasing the prospect of food insecurity and a drop in crucial export commodities.