The National Observatory of Technology and Society (ONTSI) has published the Teleworking Data Flash, with the update of the last quarter of 2021 of the people who carry out their work remotely in our country. In this period, a total of 1.58 million people They telecommute on a regular basis.
This type of employment is one that is carried out more than half of the working days. The latest data shows that has been consolidated among 8% of the populationsince the percentage has not changed with respect to the previous quarter.
There is a gender difference in regular teleworking: women continue to opt for this modality more than men. Specifically, in the last quarter of 2021, the percentage of women who telecommuted rose from 8.3 to 8.6%, while that of their colleagues fell from 7.7 to 7.3%.
Occasional telecommuting, carried out for less than half of the weekly workday, shows a rise to 5.7% at the end of 2021. After a stable year, people who worked remotely on an occasional basis totaled 1.15 million.
Young people telecommute more
The usual telecommuting it is more common among people under 45 years of age. Those between 35 and 44 years old stand out, with a higher percentage of remote work with respect to the total (8.6%), followed by those between 25 and 34 years old (8.2%).
On the other hand, occasional teleworking occurs to a greater extent among people in the age group of 45 to 54 years (6.5%), followed by those aged 55 and over (6.4%). There are no noticeable gender gaps in occasional telecommuting.
By territories, regular teleworking continues to be higher in the Community of Madridwhere 15% of people carry out their work activity in this way, almost double the national average (8%). Catalonia (10%) is also above average. He is followed by Principality of Asturias (8%). At the opposite extreme are the Comunidad Foral de Navarra, Cantabria and the Region of Murcia (5%) and the Autonomous City of Ceuta (2%).
The usual remote work has been reduced during 2021 in all the Autonomous Communities, with the exceptions of Aragón, which began and ended 2021 with 6%, and Melilla, which ended the year with a higher percentage (7.2%).
On the other hand, the study reveals that 52% have a positive assessment of teleworking. They appreciate, above all, that it avoids commuting and reduces traffic jams (80%) and that it favors the reconciliation of personal and family life (76%). Less than half think that telecommuting is positive for the workers themselves.
Focusing on companies, 62% see benefits in this way of working, highlighting cost reduction (66%) as the main one. Those responsible for the study acknowledge that expectations for the evolution of telework are still uncertain. At the beginning of 2021, 29% of the population believed that teleworking would increase throughout the year. Men thought it more than women (35% vs. 24%), while 16% thought it would be less.