Computer

Why have Intel Core 12 CPUs increased in size?

The first change that can be seen with the naked eye when we observe an Alder Lake-S is the fact that its shape has gone from square to rectangular, a change that is not explained by the increase in the number of pins, but rather taking into account count other factors that we are going to describe below. Why has the packaging been changed in the Intel Core 12?

The first thing that comes to mind when you look at the rectangular design of the Intel Core 12 is that the size of the chip package has increased compared to its predecessor. Something that we could initially attribute to the use of a greater number of pins (1700 versus 1200) and therefore the chip inside it is larger.

But it is the opposite: the use of the Intel 7 node makes an i9-12900K occupy 10.5 x 20.5 mm while its predecessor is somewhat larger with 11.5 x 24 mm, so its larger dimensions do not have nothing to do with the size of the chip, but rather with the function that the encapsulation performs, since we remember that what the integrated circuit is is inside it.

Why is the package of the Intel Core 12 larger?

Intel Core 12 packaged disassembled

In any processor, the expulsion of heat is usually carried out using two mechanisms, first it is the CPU cover that absorbs and distributes the heat, so that later it is the heatsink or the radiator that we have installed in the PC that is already in charge of blow hot air out and keep the CPU cool so that it can operate at temperatures that are not harmful to you.

On the other hand, having a smaller chip is good cost-wise, but bad in the sense that it causes more heat to be concentrated per area. When comparing the Intel Core i9-12900K with the i9-11900K we have seen that the former is somewhat smaller, this means that it will have the heat in a more concentrated way.

Thermometer Temperature

Suppose we have both processors in PL2 mode. The i9-11900K has a consumption of 250W, its size in area is 276 mm2 so if we make a simple division we can see that in each mm2 there is a thermal power of 0.90 W / mm2. On the other hand, the Intel Core 12 measures 215.25 mm2 and his PL2 is 241W, so doing the same operation we have a thermal power of 1.2 W / mm2.

An area that receives a higher thermal power will heat up faster, which will mean that it will reach critical temperatures faster and its Boost period will be shorter unless solutions are sought and one of them has been to encapsulate the Intel Core 12 larger.

Heatsinks and radiators are also affected

generic CPU radiator

So Intel engineers when creating the encapsulation of the Intel Core 12 have been based simply and simply on the rules of thermodynamics and specifically on the equation of heat transfer between two bodies, which is the following :

Q = K * A * Δt

Where:

  • K is the total heat transfer coefficient.
  • A is the heat transfer area.
  • Δt is the temperature difference.

And this is something that manufacturers of heatsinks and radiators also have to take into account when designing their products, since it is important that the process of removing heat from the processor is done in the correct way. In any case, we hope this has helped you understand why the Intel Core 12 package has increased in size.

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